Ossolinski's visit to Rome

  • The purpose of Jorge  Ossoliński's departure to Rome was paying homage to the Pope - in the name of the new chosen  ruler in 1692. The messenger was entrusted with some different questions however the whole spectacle was planned mostly as a great spectacle creating the  Polish effigy for Europe.

    On 27th of November 1633 there was an entry of George's Ossoliński to Rome. It became historical, because it was a great legation. In the procession there were 300 people, 22 carriages with expensive red stuff, a lot of horses and 10 camels. The legate did not adjust to the local customs, like usually did when travelling  in Europe, but he made an influence on the impact of propaganda. In the parade there participated: Polish, Lithuanians, Tatars, Armenians and  Cossacks. In the procession rode: John Komorowski (the canon of Cracow) with 2 Roman envoys, Alexander, John and Casimir Naruszewiczowie, sons of the Lithuanian treasurer and Christopher Lankoroński, Stanislaus Minocki, a nephew of the deputy Carol Kotniakt, the canon of  Płock ,Philip Lipski and 2 royal  secretaries - Domenico Roncalli and Dobieslaw Ciekliński. Next, there followed young Polish magnates from the most popular Catholic houses.

    In front of the parade there rode 2 nobles in the member service. Behind them 22 carts with expensive red stuff with arms of the  Polish nobility and 10 camels with heads decorated with silver threads. Their humps were shrouded with fabrics of velvet with gold. Behind camels, there wheeled  Tatars and Armenians, trumpeters took overdress in green velvet. The  next time there rode Cossacks with musketeers and then the Pope's division, Pope's valet and valets on mules. Behind them there followed the older valet deputy, Kociszewski with 30 ancillaries. Consecutively the servant guided 5 Turkish horses, that maybe had lost their gold horseshoes deliberately, but they had. Saddles of those horses were decorated with diamonds, rubies and turquoises. Next there rode courtiers of the Spanish deputy and 30 courtiers of the  Polish deputy, that first was Jacob Zieliński, the marshal of the manor house  and the king’s wine-taster. Ossoliński wore a white costume decorated with gold flowers. On the head he had  a golden crown  with diamonds and a golden saber with rubies. The decor of the horse's saddle was wonderful too. It was decorated with costly stones. Close to Ossoliński there rode 30 people of his escort and the Pope's Swiss troops.

    The entry was reported in all of Europe, because it was magnificent, full of splendor and wealth. It made an impression in  Rome as well. Ossoliński succeeded, his entry to the Eternal City showed the power and multiculturalism of the Republic of Poland.


    Aleksandra Bednarz