Here is a video about smart cities:
SMART CITIES IN POLAND ON THE INTERNET:
1. http://inteligentnemiasta.pl (Olek, Krzysiek)
Definition of smart city
There are many definitions of smart cities. Ones concentrate on technological questions and the others on social structures. According to Nicos Komninos (professor of Urban Development and Innovation Policy at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki), a smart city is an area consisting of four main elements: creative population, efficient institutions and procedures, developed broadband infrastructure and documented ability to innovation, management and solving problems.
2. http://smartcitiespolska.org/en/ (Jakub, Michał)
SMART CITIES POLSKA (NGO)
Smart Cities Polska is a non-governmental page associating people and entities working for Polish smart city solutions. Page work with international organizations, cities, and experts. Page set development directions and lobby for them in government structures. From the 2016-2019 page conducted research to create a road map of the polish smart city under the patronage of the ministry of digitalisation. Page work with several cities and smart city managers to develop City: Wrocław, Gdynia, Lublin, Toruń, Łódź, and Warsaw. They developed the living-lab in Wroclaw “FutuClub” (=Future Club), in which solutions of the smart resident card with the competence management element were tested.
3. http://smartcitypoland.com/#strona-glowna (Olek, Krzysiek)
Smart City Polska
It is an open platform associating different projects, that share one cause - to facilitate life, save time and money.
Project Smart City assumes integration a few pillars, who are supposed to contribute to improving the value of life in the city.
A network of Beacon markers that allow direct access to the whole system and use of tourist guides with audio guide option with the possibility of direct purchase of museum tickets and cultural institutions. At the same time network will inform in real time about commercial and service offers on the destinated area.
Electric car network in the car-sharing system. Development of electromobility allows ecological movement around the city but also the advantage of additional parking spaces.
Network and management of electric car chargers. Charging of electric cars allows access to charging infrastructure and maintaining of charging process in a safe way for electrical network and users. After all, it is meant not only for inhabitants but also for visitors.
4. https://vdu.lt/cris/bitstream/20.500.12259/963/1/ISSN2335-8750_2013_N_67.PG_39-51.pdf (Łukasz, Mateusz Ł)
The article about the beginnings of thinking smart in Poland (2013)
On the base of conducted researches, the Aauthors conclude that there are no Smart Cities in Poland. The Authors iden-tified interesting cases of separated initia-tives, which can be a seed idea a begin-ning of smart conception in the city. Polish cities are at the very beginning stage of preparing intelligent solutions in the area of Energy Management. In most cases the implementation covers only small pilot installation (like a few streets with intel-ligent lighting systems, one or two cross roads and lines with intelligent trans-port system, limited number of touristic routes audio guides accessible by mobile phone). Even at this stage some dif-ferences between the levels of investments done can be observed. But, the authors have to admit that the number of the solution is growing each year, especially concerning tourism. The reason is costs of implemented solutions. It is the role of local governance to push the city on the road to become smart. It is not enough to follow the standard tasks, it is the time to find funds and invest in new technology and solutions, for those attractive business solutions should be prepared. The good business municipalityscience relation is the basic factor of success of Smart City projects. The second one is to identify a variety of trans-parent sources of funding. Some of Smart Grid solutions in Poland are supported by EU funds
5. https://smartcities-infosystem.eu/newsroom/events/smart-city-forum-poland (Jakub, Michał)
SMART CITY FORUM
Smart City Forum is Poland’s largest congress devoted to the functioning and development of smart cities. It is a platform for the exchange of experiences created, among others by representatives of public administration, presidents, and directors of leading companies, experts from abroad, who present innovative solutions that prove themselves, for example in Barcelona, Singapore, or Toronto. In other words, Smart City Forum is an extremely fruitful debate about the challenges facing almost all areas: from transport and IT through ecology, energy, construction to medicine, and human communication. During the meeting, specialists discuss the most effective models for the implementation of specific investments.
6. https://eu.smartcitiescouncil.com/article/polish-city-liveability-key-getting-smarter (Olek, Krzysiek)
For the Polish city - Krakow - liveability is the key to getting smarter.
Kracow, the capital of the Lesser Poland Voivodeship (Małopolska), is already seen as a hub of science, education and development. Kracow is a cultural city that is considered a friendly and attractive place to live and spend free time. City's main priority is to create attractive investment areas and modern, green sites for relaxation. To improve the quality of life, Kracow is focusing on infrastructure and urban planning. One of the first orders is the construction of the first underground line. Over the past years, the city sought to solve environmental pollution like bad air quality. There are realised projects to revitalise post-industrial areas. Krakow is joining other cities like Gdynia, who aim to provide excellent liveability conditions.
7. https://content.knightfrank.com/research/1614/documents/en/wroclaw-towards-a-smart-city-2018-5863.pdf (Zuzanna, Mateusz N.)
We can distinguish six areas which carry equal weight for a city to develop a sustainable way and to become authentic "smart hubs":
smart mobility (clean and intelligent transport system), smart economy (supporting entrepreneurship), smart environment (clean energy and air, lots of green spaces in the city), smart people (diverse, tolerant, creative society with city promoting creativity and the ability to cooperate), smart living (providing with a safe and healthy life, easy access to education and services), smart governance (society playing a key role, city's actions being transparent). We can divide smart cities into three generations: 1.0 which are driven by technology, but they don't use the full potential; 2.0 in which modern technologies solve particular problems in many aspects of life; 3.0 which are cities co-created by citizens (they play an important role in decision making).
Wrocław is a smart city because it has got many modern life sectors. Wrocław's transport is equipped with beacons and payment terminals which help citizens to locate buses/trams and pay by credit card. You can also rent an electric car from the city sources by Vozilla app, or you can charge yours at one of the ten charging stations. The city also has more than 550 free wi-fi hotspots. Wrocław supports start-ups and it's one of the most dynamic growing start-up centres in Central and Eastern Europe. We can also see how advanced it is basing on one of its districts - WUWA2/Nowe Żerniki (it has got green rooftops, intelligent and energy-efficient lighting, photovoltaic solar panels, and open basins where rain and waste water is gathered for re-use).
8. https://almine.pl/smart_city_przyklady_polska/ (Paweł, Bartek)
A lot of cities in Poland try to be smarter, but they deal with this specific topic in a variety of ways. Pollution is a serious problem in the current world, so a lot of polish cities such as Kraków, Warszawa, Białystok, Kielce, and many others try to deal with it using energy-efficient lights, smart meter, electric buses, reducing the emission of CO2. The goal of polish smart cities is also making life easier for average citizens by automatization. Right now in most bigger cities you can pay taxes, check data, get a passport, and much more online.
Metropolises also want to improve public transport by making it more organized and eco-friendly that’s why Kraków implemented Inteligentne Systemy Transportowe (ITS) and Warszawa has a public bike rental network called Veturilo. Warszawa also supports Intelligent district heating and cares about tourists. Rzeszów developed intelligent bus stops that show time in which bus should arrive. In Poznań, you can meet with a platform containing data about the city. This platform is supported by computer programs such as BicPortal, Webankieta, Moodle, MDOK, and MJUP. Other smart actions to improve our lives are: building new roads, dealing with trash, Urban Labs, fixing infrastructure, and making it up to date. Those are just examples of Smart cities and their actions in Poland.
9. https://ideologia.pl/smart-city-jak-inteligentne-miasta-poprawiaja-zycie-mieszkancow/ (Weronika, Julia)
A term "smart city" was first used in the 21st century. It can mean a city that provides the highest quality of life with the lowest usage of resources; a place that uses different technologies to make crucial services and elements of urban infrastructure (administration, education, public safety, transport, etc.) more efficient.
Four main causes of the idea development can be described: demographic changes (population growth), urbanisation, climate changes and instability of the global economic system (financial crises).
Elements that can make a city smart are its mobility, environment, governance, economy, living or a "people" sphere.
The benefits of smart cities are unquestionable - economic development, increase of safety and comfort of life, cost optimisation. ICT technology development that plays a vital part of smart city solutions creates a concern of a privacy threat, though.
Although this innovation is much easier and faster to be adopted in large and well-developed countries, smart cities can be created all over the world and under any conditions – in Poland, too. Examples of activities are:
- Central Public Transport Management System for the Szczecin agglomeration,
- remote monitoring system for water consumption in Środa Wielkopolska,
- e-Administration in Poznań,
- Pomeranian Science and Technology Park in Gdynia,
- paging system at the Academic Centre of Ophthalmology and Oncology in Katowice.
BRAINSTORMING - associations
Now write a post on the board below explaing what you think is most important about a smart city.