Gender pay gap

  • What do you know about the gender pay gap in your country?

    Stereotypes-men and women

    A file about differences, some kind of predjudices between men and women but often true. Polish team work.


    The Czech Republic is one of the countries with the largest gender pay gap in the EU. On average, women earn a fifth less than men.
    A survey among 2,000 Czechs indicated that close to half of Czechs take it for granted that women simply do not have the chance to earn as much as men in the same position, with the same responsibility.
    Most of them say this is due to the demands of motherhood and childcare. Another reason given is the problem of finding part-time work and thus juggling motherhood and a career. There is also the fact that there are fewer women in high posts and 60 percent blame stereotypes and the education system which tend to direct men and women into different fields.
    75% of respondents agreed that trade unions and labour inspectors should get involved in trying to correct the gender pay gap problem.

    The gap gets broader

    In the Czech Republic the gender pay gap is quite broad but it get's ever worst even in spite of state attempts to make it better. In 2014 women earned 16 percent less than men on average but in 2018 they were payed 18 percent less than men. Not only that it directs women's budget and her family's savings, it also affects pension. Average women's pension is only 80 percent of men's pension witch leads to borderline extreme poverty among retired women.

    Gender pay gap in Spain

    Presentation of this topic after our research by Marina Montes and Candela Busutil

  • Gender pay gap means any imbalances in earnings between men and women. The unadjusted gender pay gap is defined as the difference between the average gross hourly earnings of men and women expressed as a percentage of the average gross hourly earnings of men. It is calculated for enterprises with 10 or more employees.

    In 2017, women's gross hourly earnings were on average 16.0 % below those of men in the EU.

    In 2017, the highest gender pay gap in the EU was recorded in Estonia (25.6 %) and the lowest in Romania (3.5 %).

    The gender pay gap is generally much lower for new labour market entrants and tends to widen with age. However, those differences over age groups can have different patterns across the countries (Table 1). The gender pay gap might increase with age as a result of the career interruptions women experience during their working life, particularly older women unable to benefit from specific equality measures which did not yet exist when they started to work.

    The gender pay gap in financial and insurance activities is higher than in the business economy as a whole

    In 2017, the gender pay gap in financial and insurance activities varied from 18.3 % in Italy to 40.2 % in Estonia. Within the business economy as a whole, the highest gender pay gap was recorded in Estonia (26.2 %) and the lowest in Romania (7.3 %).

    In 2017, the majority of the EU countries (for which data are available) recorded a higher gender pay gap (in absolute terms) in the private sector than in the public sector. This might be due to the fact that within the public sector, in most countries, employees are protected by collective pay agreements and other similar contracts establishing pay. The gender pay gap varied in the private sector from 7.0 % in Romania to 23.0 % in Germany, and in the public sector from -6.6 % in Cyprus to 23.9 % in the United Kingdom.