Group 4 - Carrots

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     mrkev   Шаргарепа​ Gulrot   морква  /morkva/Morcov  stapilo/ სტაფილო


    A)  Description, varieties, aroma, taste,...

    B) Real and Art Picture (+ information about the artist)


    C) In 10 steps how to grow a carrots


    1. To produce the best crop possible, double-dig your planting area or build up a raised bed.

    2. Start sowing this cool-weather crop 3 weeks before the last expected frost (most cultivars take 70 to 80 days to mature).

    3. Rake the soil free of lumps and stones. Broadcast the tiny seeds, or for easier weeding, plant in rows (they germinate more slowly in cold soil than in warm).

    4. Cover with ¼ to ½ inch of screened compost, potting mix, or sand.

    5. Water gently to avoid washing seeds away; keep the soil continuously moist for best germination.

    6. Thin to 1 inch apart when the tops are 2 inches high, and be thorough, because crowded carrots will produce crooked roots.

    7. The biggest threats to carrots are four-footed critters.

    8. Infestations usually occur in the early spring, so one solution is to delay planting until early summer, when damage is less likely.

    9. Parsleyworms are green caterpillars with black stripes, white or yellow dots, and little orange horns. They feed on carrot foliage, but they are the larval stage of black swallowtail butterflies, so if you spot them on your carrots, try not to kill them.

    10. Carrots become tastier as they grow. You can start harvesting as soon as the carrots are big enough to eat, or leave them all to mature for a single harvest.

    D) In which countries worldwide is it grown (produced)? Cultivation history



    E) Import and export in Europe


    Carrots Import and Export


    Nearly 45% of the world carrots are grown in China. The only European country which does not import carrots to any significant degree is the UK. Below is the table of world carrot production.





    China, mainland


    United States of America


    Russian Federation





    United Kingdom





















    If we look at the information in a graph, this is the world carrot production.


    There are no EU laws on the quality of carrots. 

    F) Prices in Europe/ world - Belgrade



    +G) Recipes with carrots Miriana Pelea


    H) Science experiment 1: Search a science experiment suitable for a carrots. Each of the responsible schools does the experiment, and compares the results. (you can invite every person in your group to do the experiment)

    I) Science experiment



    2: Foodpairing : carrots in combination with another (vegetable or fruit )

     by Yaryk Litvin


    By Maria Lyzohub, Smila Lyceum

    +J) Health benefits and Nutrional values:

    Serbian Team from Čačak

    Health benefits and Nutritional values
    Calories 41
    Water 88 %
    Protein 0.9 g
    Carbs 9.6 g
    Sugar 4.7 g
    Fiber 2.8 g
    Fat 0.2 g
    Saturated 0.04 g
    Monounsaturated 0.01 g
    Polyunsaturated 0.12 g
    Omega-3 0 g
    Omega-6 0.12 g
    Trans fat ~


    Carbohydrate 9.6 g
    Fiber 2.8 g
    Sugars 4.7 g
    Sucrose 3.6 g
    Glucose 0.6 g
    Fructose 0.6 g
    Lactose 0 g
    Maltose 0 g
    Galactose 0 g
    Starch 1.43 g


    • Vitamin A:  good vision, and is important for growth, development, and immune function
    • Biotin: important role in fat and protein metabolism 
    • Vitamin K1: blood coagulation and can promote bone health 
    • Potassium: blood pressure control.
    • Vitamin B6: conversion of food into energy.


    Group 1 - Potatoes                 Group 2 - Red Cabbage                Group 3 - Spinach       

    Group 5 - Pumpkin                 Group 6- Lemon                  Group 7 - Grape/ Raisin            Group 8 - Orange

    Group 9 - Kiwi                       Group 10 - Banana               Group 11 - Beans