INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS/AFFAIRS (basics)
The topic of international relations is really hard and complicated. There are many theories and studies that try to explore and understand the theory and reality of there relations.
Basic definition of international relations:
"a branch of political science concerned with relations between nations and primarily with foreign policies".
The basic features of international relations:
interdisciplinarity - international relations consists of many different parts - political studies, economy and finances, international law, diplomatic relations and diplomacy, sociology, history, geography,international security, ecology and environment, and mamy mamy others. This is why it is one of the most complex and difficult kind of study
international anarchy - the system of international relations has one main feature - there is no international government. This means that it consists of many sovereign governments - all representing different approaches and priorities - economical, social, religious, moral and ideological. As we try to promote international cooperation in form of international organizations (e.g. United Nations), these still have no real government structure - because they have to respect the sovereignty of intividual states. This is what creates the factual international anarchy.
If we ask - why there are so many misunderstandings and conflicts in the world, the basic answer is here - in the fact, that our world is fractured in many states with many believes - there is no one religion, culture, law, economy or government structure - there are many.
Based on the information from the main UN webpage:
"The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945. It is currently made up of 193 Member States. The mission and work of the United Nations are guided by the purposes and principles contained in its founding Charter."
Due to the powers vested in its Charter and its unique international character, the United Nations can take action on the issues confronting humanity in the 21st century, such as peace and security, climate change, sustainable development, human rights, disarmament, terrorism, humanitarian and health emergencies, gender equality, governance, food production, and more.
The UN also provides a forum for its members to express their views in the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, and other bodies and committees. By enabling dialogue between its members, and by hosting negotiations, the Organization has become a mechanism for governments to find areas of agreement and solve problems together."
Last editor: Imrich Milo